How Steroids Increase Protein Synthesis
Steroids belong to the class of drugs that have effects that are similar to testosterone in the body. They are used in bodybuilding to increase bone and muscle mass.
Protein is no doubt a vital component in the body. Protein synthesis can be described as the main mechanism in body growth and changes. It is what leads to the production of amino acid chains. We can’t exist without enzymes hence protein synthesis is important for our existence. Protein synthesis is responsible for the production of various enzymes for different reactions as required by the body for a particular moment.
Steroids that are used in bodybuilding circles are referred to as anabolic steroids or anabolic androgenic steroids. They normally exercise their effects in muscle-building process by stimulating particular genes in order to produce proteins. They achieve this through their stimulatory effects on special receptor molecules located within muscle cells.
Steroids work in the body by imitating the effects of testosterone, the hormone derived in the body from fats known as cholesterol. It penetrates into a body cell, attaching itself to a receptor which crosses to the nucleus. This activates protein synthesis. Protein synthesis increases muscle development and tissue repair. If this process is augmented, the body will then be able to renew itself quickly after illness. Apart from that, lean tissue can grow fast.
Steroids increase the activation frequency of the enzyme systems that are involved in protein metabolism process. In so doing, they prevent protein degradation as well as promote protein synthesis. Users have reportedly been able to train harder and maintain levels of motivation for longer times. This has been attributed to anabolic steroids’ anti-catabolic effects. There has been speculation among researchers, and users have reported that these substances greatly increase certain feelings including happiness, excitement, more aggressiveness as well as tolerance to stress.
When we lift heavier weights than the ones we are accustomed to, small micro-tears in muscle fibers are created. When this happens, the tear is repaired through the body’s natural repair process, which then overcompensates by providing additional larger cells to facilitate the building of a stronger fiber. This is what is referred to as muscular hypertrophy. This process of teardown and rebuild is repeated and with time, it results in muscle growth. The major component in this process is the natural testosterone that the body produces naturally. However, anabolic steroids can act as a supplement.
When a steroid is ingested, it moves through the blood stream to the muscle, where it is pulled into an androgen receptor, which is the muscle cell’s receiving port. It can begin to interact with the DNA of the cell the moment it is transported to the muscle cell. The steroid will stimulate the protein synthesis process that stimulates cell growth. Different variations and quantities of anabolic steroids trigger different reactions which produce either more toned athletic muscles or huge body building physiques.
Any good bodybuilding program consists of three important elements; proper diet, training and recovery, and a great physique can certainly be developed without steroids use. However, steroids facilitate muscle gains through their potential to stimulate greater recovery and boost protein synthesis through their inherent anti-catabolic properties.