How Steroids Are Used In the Medical World

Steroids are not only powerful but also effective drugs. In medicine, they are used legitimately to treat various medical disorders. The most common group of steroids is corticosteroids which are used to treat asthma, arthritis, autoimmune ailments, skin disorders, and some kinds of cancer in women. Anabolic steroids, which belong to a different group of steroids, are more commonly associated with performance improvement in bodybuilding and competitive athletics but are seldom used in the medical world. When the athletes use steroids, their objective is to accelerate the body’s natural muscle development process.

Steroids have a seemingly endless list of medical applications, and inflammation is the main element of numerous diseases they are used to treat.


Steroids work in the body in different ways and one of the major ways is to lessen inflammation. This is vital when it comes to ailments such as rheumatoid arthritis, gout, or other inflammatory diseases where aching, swelling and limited movement is caused by joint inflammation. Here, there are two ways that corticosteroids can be administered. They can be taken in pill form, and the medicine then spreads through the whole body or they can as well be injected directly into an inflamed joint to treat it. The latter method usually keeps most of the medicine in that area.

Steroids can be injected into a swollen bursa or around tendons adjacent to most joints in the body. Several people have experienced relief from osteoarthritis the moment steroids are injected directly into inflamed or aching joints.


Steroids are effective for asthma, too. They can be given as part of routine care for asthma through an inhaler to lessen symptoms and help avert severe attacks. Corticosteroids works by reducing inflammation and controlling the body’s immune system and this helps in opening up the airways in the lungs. For a severe attack that needs a hospital visit, steroids are usually given as an intravenous injection.

Other Applications

Oral steroids may be prescribed for autoimmune ailments such as Crohn disease, lupus and multiple sclerosis. Also, steroid creams and ointments may be applied in certain skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis and dermatitis. Corticosteroids are used to treat a number of eye diseases and certain cancers. They can help stop or minimize chemotherapy related nausea as well as reduce some allergic reactions, for instance those triggered off by blood transfusions.

Steroids are an alternative treatment when legitimately prescribed for patients who either create abnormally low levels of testosterone or suffer from diseases such as cancer or aids that waste the body. They are used to help patients gain weight following a severe illness or chronic infection. The doctors also use it in cases where patients are unable to gain or maintain normal weight for some reasons that cannot be explained medically.

Anabolic steroids are also used in medicine to treat certain disorders including low testosterone levels, delayed puberty in boys, and some bone and blood conditions. They are helpful in rebuilding tissues that have weakened due to severe injury or illness. Anabolic steroid treatment requires a diet with a high protein and calorie content for it to be successful.

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